Xerostomia is a subjective dry mouth sensation due to decreased saliva caused by an alteration in salivary gland function.
The presence of saliva in the oral cavity is very important because it keeps oral tissues moist, facilitating speech, chewing, swallowing, etc. Saliva also plays a role in cleaning the mouth as well as regulating bacterial accumulation. An adequate level of saliva can prevent an imbalance of microorganisms in the oral environment which can lead to caries, gum disease, halitosis or bad breath, etc.
Xerostomia occurs in one out of five adults, which represents 20% of people between the ages of 18 and 30 years and 40% of people over 50 years of age. It is worth noting that it affects women twice as much as it does men. Statistics show that xerostomia is taking on an ever growing importance in our society. It is a condition that alters overall health and quality of life.
ORIGIN AND TYPES
- Speaking in public usually increases our need to salivate for better word articulation, and because this activity normally occurs over an extended period of time, it sometimes causes a lack of saliva and the need for extra liquid intake.
- Stress, anxiety and depression all affect the central nervous system, in turn affecting organs and glands all over the body, including the salivary glands.
- Diabetes and other systemic diseases affect the entire body, altering gland function.
- Treatment with certain drugs, such as antihistamines, antihypertensives, diuretics and cancer drugs cause side effects including a decrease in saliva and even mucous gland atrophy.
- The absence of teeth can also cause a reduction of stimuli in the mouth, and as a consequence, less saliva production.
- An unbalanced diet with an excess of carbohydrates and a deficit of fruits and vegetables can alter saliva production.
- Smoking and alcohol consumption can reduce salivary secretion by blocking the transmission of nervous impulses.
THE SOLUTION DENTAID
- The efficacy of a topical sialogogue spray containing 1% malic acid in patients with antidepressant-induced dry mouth: a double-blind, randomized clinical trial.
- Eficacia del spray de ácido málico 1% (Xeros Dentaid spray©) en el tratamiento de la xerostomía inducida por fármacos
- Evaluation of the efficacy of a topical sialogogue spray containing malic acid 1% in elderly people with xerostomia: a double-blind, randomized clinical trial