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THE MOUTH IS NOT AN ISOLATED SYSTEM RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORAL HEALTH AND OVERALL HEALTH

News

14 Jul 2020

We often see the oral cavity as an independent system from the rest of the body. However, it is a gateway to the organism and, therefore, the problems it undergoes can potentially affect the rest of the body. For this reason, the oral cavity should not be considered an isolated system. 

There is a direct relationship between oral health and systemic disease, as occurs with diabetes and some cardiovascular diseases. Poor oral health can directly influence other general pathologies. 

In particular, periodontal disease must be fully controlled, given its negative impact on other general diseases, as it can increase the risk of their onset or, if they are already present, cause exacerbation thereof. 

Periodontal disease causes effects on oral tissues that can become irreversible if left uncontrolled, causing tooth loss in extreme cases. Having a bacterial origin, its influence is directly related to systemic diseases, as it can cause bacteraemia as a consequence of the passage of bacteria into the bloodstream, eventually colonising other parts of the body. In addition, as an inflammatory disease, mediators of the inflammatory response produced in the oral cavity can pass to the systemic level and trigger a systemic inflammatory response. 

PERIODONTAL DISEASE AND DIABETES 

A direct relation between periodontal disease and diabetes has been demonstrated, since, in periodontitis, inflammatory mediators occur in response to the action of periodontal bacteria which can spread through the bloodstream, leading to increased systemic inflammation. 

High levels of cytokines caused by this systemic inflammation can contribute to insulin resistance, increasing the risk of diabetes in two ways: by inhibiting insulin signalling and by increasing the destruction of pancreatic β-cells. Both lead to an increase in hyperglycaemia. 

Any disease that has an inflammatory or infectious component at the systemic level is prone to be influenced by periodontitis. The relationship between periodontitis and pregnancy complications, cardiovascular disease and diabetes has been widely studied and recognised. 

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Data controller DENTAID, S.L. LABORATORIOS DE PREVENCIÓN E HIGIENE BUCAL, SLU (“PHB”).
Purpose of data processing To respond to a query from the interested party with the advice of a specialist.
Legitimisation of data processing Your consent to process your personal data.
Recipients of disclosure or transfer Data is not disclosed or transferred internationally.
Rights of the interested persons To access, rectify and delete their data, and to exercise other rights as set out in the additional information.
Additional information You can consult additional and detailed information on data protection at this link.
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